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Compact Absorption Chiller

Stage: Prototype

The Compact Absorption Chiller uses microchannel technologies in an absorption heat pump which produces cooling using heat as the primary energy source.



Small-scale, portable vapor compression cooling systems are encumbered with the need for electricity from batteries or a portable generator in order to operate the mechanical compressor. Heat activated technologies, such as absorption chillers, offer an alternative that can substantially reduce or eliminate the reliance on electricity. Heat can be provided by combusting high-energy density liquid fuels or by recovering waste heat from other processes, such as fuel cell systems or vehicle exhaust.

The lack of lightweight portable cooling is an issue for many military and civilian applications including for man portable cooling, vehicle cooling, tactical cooling and aircraft cooling systems. Originally developed for military applications requiring small size and weight, this microchannel-based technology offers some of the best economic and performance efficiencies versus other available technologies.

A variety of heat sources can be used, such as combusting natural gas or other fuels, solar thermal, or engine or fuel cell system waste heat. The ability to displace electric power demand for cooling and heating off the grid, particularly during peak demand, will likely become commercially important in the United States as the electric grid evolves. The microchannel components enable systems as small as 1 ton cooling (and smaller), which will be necessary for high efficiency zero-energy homes.

Applications and Industries

  • household appliances
  • residential and commercial building HVAC systems
  • automotive applications
  • man-portable cooling

Benefits

  • Reduced size and weight, but comparable performance to other technologies
  • Provides lower operating cost alternative in markets where electricity is expensive
  • Scales down to < 5 ton cooling better than other existing technologies

Patents